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Early Maths Skills

Early maths skills involve:


  • the understanding the properties of objects, e.g. object permanence– knowing that an object still exists even if it hidden. This requires the ability to form a mental representation of the object.
  • spatial relations, e.g. a child relating their body to objects near or far.
  • the ability to problem solve, for example, planning actions with objects and / or people to have an end result ,e.g. cause and effect.


You can work with your child to:


  •  Develop attention and early sensory skills by looking at, tracking and handling a variety of objects.
  • Encourage them to engage with shared participation throughout various activities to widen their experiences.
  • Offer  them opportunities to demonstrate consistent preferences and responses to objects, activities and people . They may demonstrate this response by making sounds, gestures, facial movements and may result in them expressing simple needs, e.g. requesting or protesting an activity.
  • Develop their understanding of object permanence, e.g. placing a piece of material over an object that your child knows is there and seeing if they remove or attempt to remove it, moving an object away quickly and looking at their response.
  • Practice their cause and effect skills and understanding that their actions can make things happen, e.g. understanding that if they bang a drum it will make a sound, pressing buttons on toys for a response,  understanding that verbalising/making a specific movement will gain the attention of somebody.
  • Develop their anticipation to activities and experiences through repetition of them.


Number activities



  • Counting everyday things, e.g. cars, Lego bricks, the number of cups of flour to make a cake, the number of plates needed to lay the table, fishing for animals in the bath.
  • Point out numbers at home or in the community, e.g. bus numbers, road signs, aisle numbers in the  supermarkets.
  • Comparing quantities through everyday activities,  e.g. ‘X has lots of raisins’.
  • Read, tell stories, and sing songs that include numbers and counting.
  • Use objects from around the house to practice addition and subtraction  practically.
  • Using 1:1 correspondence to help lay the table, prepare food.
  • Play simple board games to count spaces on the board, and to recognise printed numerals or their representation (such as “dots on dice”).
  • Having a car race and saying who came 1st/2nd/3rd.
  • Making sets of objects with preferred objects at home, e.g. cars, balls, dolls, animals.






Number Songs


  • Five Little Ducks
  • Ten Green Bottles
  • Five Little Men
  • Five Little Speckled Frogs
  • en in the Bed


Use props with the number songs to make them more engaging and allow your child to see visual  representations of the numbers.


Online Number Songs

(Remember to play these through View Pure to protect your child's safety online)



Ten Little Numbers-

Pancake Manor ‘Count to Ten’-

Pancake Manor ‘Count 1,2,3!’-

In The Big Blue Sea-

Let’s Count Up To Ten-

One To Hundred-

Count and Move-

How Many Fingers?-