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Phase 5

Children entering Phase 5 may be able to read and spell words with adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and flask. They may be able to read and spell some polysyllabic words (words with more than one syllable).

The purpose of this phase is for children to broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use is reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these, and graphemes they already know, where relevant.
For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make. In addition to, 
learning alternative pronunciations for graphemes, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.


  • By the end of phase 5 children may be able to read and spell phonically decodable two-syllable and three-syllable words.
  • They will also continue to read and spell words from the list of 100 high frequency words.
  • During this phase children may be able to identify the grapheme of any sound being taught. 
  • They may also continue to read sentences using phonic knowledge.
  • It must always be remembered that phonics is the step up to word recognition. Automatic reading of all words – decodable and tricky – is the ultimate goal which some children may already be able to do.


Activities/Ideas for Home

  •  Practice recognition and recall of Phase 2, 3 and 5 graphemes as they are learned.  Use flashcards/ matching activities etc.
  • Play word Jenga —  taking it in turns to read new graphemes stuck on to building bricks/ Lego and build a tower.
  • Roll and Read Bingo— create a tricky words grid and label numbers 1-6 at the top of each column. Take it in turns to roll the dice, and read the words under the number.
  • Create a set of alternative grapheme matching word cards.
  • Look at alternative pronunciations of graphemes, model blending and segmenting these graphemes in different words e.g. ‘ow’ - cow or blow
  •  Phonics games on computer/apps.
  • Share a wide range of books with short sentences. 
  • Phonics Jigsaw —Phase 5, resources on Twinkl.